Dr. Fann, Cathy S.-J. 范盛娟 博士



Accelerated cardiovascular risk after viral clearance in hepatitis C patients with the NAMPT-rs61330082 TT genotype: An 8-year prospective cohort study

Virulence, Jan 15, 2021


Involvement of extracellular nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (eNAMPT, i.e., visfatin or pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor), a cancer metabokine, in chronically hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected (CHC) patients with sustained virological responses (SVRs) remains elusive. This 8-year prospective cohort study evaluated eNAMPT profiles of 842 consecutive CHC patients, including 519 who had completed an anti-HCV therapy course and pre-therapy and 24-week post-therapy surveys. For 842 patients, pre-therapy associations were HCV RNA, homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index, and body mass index with eNAMPT levels, and NAMPT-rs61330082 T allele with total cholesterol levels. NAMPT-rs10953502, NAMPT-rs2058539, and NAMPT-rs61330082 were in a linkage disequilibrium block, which was associated with total cholesterol levels. Compared to pre-therapy levels, at 24 weeks post-therapy, decreased eNAMPT and increased lipid levels were observed in SVR patients (n = 427). Among SVR patients, higher cumulative incidences of cardiovascular events occurred in those with a NAMPT-rs61330082 TT genotype than those with non-TT genotypes (28.2% vs. 8.4%, p < 0.001). NAMPT-rs61330082 TT genotype was independently associated with incident cardiovascular events (95% CI hazard ratio (HR): 1.88-10.37; HR: 4.415); no eNAMPT profiles were associated with incident malignancies. Of CHC patients, hepatic vascular endothelial cells and baseline peripheral leukocytes expressed higher eNAMPT levels than controls, and peripheral eNAMPT-positive leukocyte proportions decreased after SVR. During HCV infection, eNAMPT involvement in glucose metabolism was modulated by HCV RNA linked to lipid metabolism and NAMPT-associated SNPs. Hepatic endothelial cells and peripheral leukocytes potentially secrete eNAMPT. Caution is required for incident cardiovascular events in SVR patients with NAMPT-rs61330082 TT genotype.

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