Ph.D., Pharmacology, National Taiwan University;
Instructor in Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School;
Research Associate in Immunology, Boston Children's Hospital
Asthma is a complex and heterogeneous disease with several phenotypes, including an allergic asthma phenotype, characterized by Th2 cytokine production and associated with allergen sensitization and adaptive immunity. Asthma also includes nonallergic asthma phenotypes that require innate rather than adaptive immunity. These innate pathways to asthma involve macrophages, neutrophils, as well as ILCs, newly described cell types that produce a variety of cytokines, including IL-5 and IL-13. We review the recent data regarding ILCs and their role in asthma.