Dr. Lee, Eminy H.Y. 's publons link picture

Dr. Lee, Eminy H.Y.

Distinguished Research Fellow
Division Chief
  • 02-27899125 (Lab) (Room No: 308)
  • 02-27829224 (Fax)

Specialty:
  • Pathogenesis of and Neuroprotection against Alzheimer's Disease
  • Molecular Mechanism of Mammalian Long-Term Memory Formation

Education and Positions:
  • Ph.D. Univ. of California, San Diego


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Novel role of NCoR1 in impairing spatial memory through the mediation of a novel interacting protein DEC2

Dr. Lee, Eminy H.Y.
Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, Jun 20, 2024

Long-term memory formation requires de novo RNA and protein synthesis. Using differential display PCR, we found that the NCoR1 cDNA fragment is differentially expressed between fast learners and slow learners, with fast learners showing a lower expression level than slow learners in the water maze learning task. Fast learners also show lower NCoR1 mRNA and protein expression levels. In addition, spatial training decreases both NCoR1 mRNA and protein expression, whereas NCoR1 conditional knockout (cKO) mice show enhanced spatial memory. In studying the molecular mechanism, we found that spatial training decreases the association between NCoR1 and DEC2. Both NCoR1 and DEC2 suppress the expression of BDNF, integrin α3 and SGK1 through C/EBPα binding to their DNA promoters, but overexpression of DEC2 in NCoR1 cKO mice rescues the decreased expression of these proteins compared with NCoR1 loxP mice overexpressing DEC2. Further, spatial training decreases DEC2 expression. Spatial training also enhances C/EBPα binding to BdnfItga3 and Sgk1 promoters, an effect also observed in fast learners, and both NCoR1 and DEC2 control C/EBPα activity. Whereas knockdown of BDNF, integrin α3 or SGK1 expression impairs spatial learning and memory, it does not affect Y-maze performance, suggesting that BDNF, integrin α3 and SGK1 are involved in long-term memory formation, but not short-term memory formation. Moreover, NCoR1 expression is regulated by the JNK/c-Jun signaling pathway. Collectively, our findings identify DEC2 as a novel interacting protein of NCoR1 and elucidate the novel roles and mechanisms of NCoR1 and DEC2 in negative regulation of spatial memory formation.