1984, Ph.D. in Chemical Physics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
1979, B.S. in Chemistry, Royal Holloway College, London University
Increasing numbers of protein structures are solved each year, but many of these structures belong to proteins whose sequences are homologous to sequences in the Protein Data Bank. Nevertheless, the structures of homologous proteins belonging to the same family contain useful information because functionally important residues are expected to preserve physico-chemical, structural and energetic features.