M.D., Ph.D. National Taiwan University
Lung cancer is the primary cause of cancer-related death worldwide. 85%–90% of cases are non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) which characteristically exhibits altered epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling is a major driver pathway. Unfortunately, therapeutic outcomes in treating NSCLC are compromised by the emergence of drug resistance in response to EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) targeted therapy due to the acquired resistance mutation EGFR T790M or activation of alternative pathways. There is current need for a new generation of TKIs to be developed to treat EGFR-TKI-resistant NSCLC. To overcome the above problems and improve clinical efficacy, nanotechnology with targeting abilities and sustained release has been proposed for EGFR-TKI-resistant NSCLC treatment and has already achieved success in in vitro or in vivo models. In this review, we summarize and illustrate representative nano-formulations targeting EGFR-TKI-resistant NSCLC. The described advances may pave the way to better understanding and design of nanocarriers and multifunctional nanosystems for efficient treatment for drug resistant NSCLC.